Lieutenant Governor Eben S. Draper

                                                             By John N. McClintock

    In the year 1830, in the first issue of the Boston Transcript, Ira Draper of Milford [Milford??? This is the
    only place I've ever seen Ira Draper listed as being from Milford. Other sources, such as General
    Draper's autobiography, say that Ira was a native of Dedham and later moved to Weston. His last years
    were spent in Saugus. DM] advertised "temples" for weaving, of his own invention and manufacture,
    then on exhibition in the store of John Lowell.  He was the son of Major Abijah Draper, who was a
    soldier in the Revolutionary War, and a descendant of James and Miriam (Stansfield) Draper, who
    came from Yorkshire, England, to Roxbury in 1647.  The immigrant was a skilled mechanic, familiar
    with weaving and spinning machinery; and the ancestral trade descended to his posterity.  The modest
    business of Ira Draper flourished; and in due time, his son, George, was associated with him.  Both
    sons were closely identified with the Hopedale Community, which had been founded by Rev. Adin
    Ballou, as a practical exemplification in every-day life of the principals of the New Testament.  In 1852
    the two sons succeeded to the business and carried it on under the auspices of the Community, of
    which Ebenezer D. was then president. Five years later, the Community came to grief financially, and its
    property was sold.  Relying upon the value of the "temple" and other inventions which George had
    patented, the Draper brothers took the factory, agreeing to settle all the indebtedness.

     George Draper became sole proprietor on 1865, and took into partnership his son, Gen. William F.
    Draper, who had served with distinction in the war of the Rebellion.  George A., a younger son, became
    a member of the firm in 1877, at the age of twenty-one, and in 1880, Eben Sumner, the youngest son,
    having just attained his majority, became a partner.

    Thirty workmen were employed in 1865; in 1886, the year of George Draper's death, five hundred were
    on the payroll.  The business has made great advances, and a maximum of four thousand employees
    has since been reached.  It was incorporated as the Draper Company in 1897, Gen. William Draper
    being President, George A., Treasurer, and Eben S., agent.  It is the largest manufacturing
    establishment engaged in the production of cotton milling machinery in the United States.  It is affirmed
    by a competent authority that the machinery introduced and made by this company has effected a
    saving to the commercial world of two hundred and fifty million dollars.

    Though the Community failed financially, its fine spirit has never been lost.  Ideal relations have always
    existed between the employed and their employers.  The Corporation has provided convenient work
    rooms, equipped with the latest appliances for safety and comfort, and attractive houses for its
    operatives, and has always dealt with them with conspicuous fairness.  It has accomplished, largely at
    its own expense, great public improvements.  A beautiful church, a memorial of their parents, has been
    erected by George A. and Eben S. Draper.  The streets have been macadamized, and concrete
    sidewalks built.  Good water, gas and electric lights, an electric railway and a sanitary sewage system
    have been introduced.  Hopedale was the first town in Massachusetts to adopt the Glover sewage
    system of sewage disposal by rapid filtration in 1899.  A great park of a hundred and fifty acres and a
    playground of six acres are conspicuous features in this beautiful town.

     The junior partner in this great industry, after a long political career, is now the Republican candidate
    for Governor.  Eben Sumner Draper was born in Milford (Hopedale) June 17th, 1858.  He began his
    school training in the public schools of his native town, and was prepared for business life in the Allen
    School, West Newton, one of the best secondary schools in Massachusetts.  He then completed a
    course in the department of engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and later began work
    in the Hopedale machine shops, where he was thoroughly trained in the various details of the
    business.  He obtained a practical knowledge of the working of cotton machinery in the cotton mills of
    Lowell, Manchester and other New England manufacturing cities.  Three years of such training were an
    admirable preparation for his business career.  He became interested in politics and achieved his first
    notable success in 1892, when he was elected Chairman of the Republican State Committee.  In
    1896, he was the Chairman of the Massachusetts delegation to the Republican National Convention,
    and he had charge of the canvass of the convention, which secured the adoption of the "gold standard"

    He headed the Massachusetts delegation to the Nashville Exposition in 1897, and was the
    Republican Elector for the Eleventh Massachusetts district in 1900.  During the Spanish war he was
    President of the Massachusetts Volunteer Aid Association and had a leading part in the purchase and
    equipment of the hospital ship, Bay State, at an expense of $200,000, and in raising an equal sum for
    the care of Massachusetts soldiers and sailors.  He served as President of the Republican Club of
    Massachusetts in 1903 and 1904.

     In 1905 Mr. Draper became the candidate of the Republican party for Lieutenant Governor of
    Massachusetts.  The workingmen of Hopedale, when he was nominated, presented him with a signed
    address, which read:

     "A few words from the employees of the Draper Company about Hon. Eben S. Draper and the town of

     "Hon. Eben S. Draper is:
     "A man of large business ability; "
     "A man of sterling honesty and integrity;
     "A man interested in philanthropy, and charity, and all measures which tend to improvement and

     "He is agent of the Draper Company of Hopedale, Mass., a company which is conspicuous among
    the employers of laboring men on account of the care and attention given to conditions which prevail at
    their works, among which are ample and commodious shops and workrooms for the employees, up-
    to-date appliances for the used and safety of the men; steady and regular work so far as business
    conditions will permit; fair and honest treatment to all, which conditions make Hopedale a desirable
    place in which to work."

      He was elected in November, and was re-elected in 1906 and again in 1907.  During the spring of
    1908, owing to the enforced absence of Governor Guild from his official duties at the State House on
    account of sickness, Lieutenant-Governor Draper was Acting-Governor of the State for many weeks,
    and brought to the office the administrative ability and judgement of men and affairs that had placed
    him at the head of a great corporation.  Governor Guild could not have delegated his authority and the
    direction of his administration to safer hands.

    Apart from his busy political life, he has a living interest in a multitude of affairs.  He is a member of the
    Corporation of the Institute of Technology, a member of the Board of Managers of the Milford Hospital,
    (a gift from his wife and himself tot the town), and a trustee of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, and
    Vice President of the American Unitarian Association.  He served as Chairman of the Massachusetts
    Association for the relief of California.

    He is a Director of the National Shawmut Bank, the Boston and Albany Railroad, the Old Colony Trust
    Co., the Milford National Bank, and various cotton mills and other industrial corporations.  The Society
    of Colonial Wars, the Somerset, Middlesex, Massachusetts, Norfolk, Union, Algonquin, Exchange and
    Country Clubs of New York, include his name on their enrollments.

    Notwithstanding this multiplicity of club memberships, and his diverse business and political
    affiliations, Lieutenant Governor Draper is preeminently a lover of his family and his home.  He married,
    November 21, 1883, Nancy Bristow, daughter of the late General Benjamin Helm Bristow, of New York,
    who was Secretary of the Treasury in Grant's administration and candidate for the Presidency in 1876.

    Their children are: Benjamin Helm Bristow, born Feb. 28, 1885; Dorothy, born Nov. 22, 1890, and Eben
    Sumner, Jr., born Aug. 30, 1893.  Mr. and Mrs. Draper are social and cheery, and the evening caller,
    dropping in, is likely to find the family group engaged in games, in which the children share.  He enjoys
    lawn tennis, but golf is the sport in which he finds particular delight.  All the commonplace interests of
    the community are shared by him, and when Sunday comes, if his is not in his pew in the Unitarian
    Church, the congregation knows that he is away from home.

    The legion of workmen in the Draper employ are his enthusiastic friends.  During the recent
    commercial depression, the Draper Company, in common with so many other corporations, was
    obliged to put many men on shorter hours, but the burden of a decreased wage was made lighter by
    the voluntary reduction of rents by one-half, while those whose hours of labor were still further reduced,
    found their weekly rent bill entirely cancelled.  No wonder the workmen say, "The Drapers are good
    people to work for."

      Those who know the Lieutenant Governor best, admire him for the straightforward honesty of his
    character, his good judgement, and for his kindly, genial nature.  His business associates recognize
    his skill in administration, and his high sense of honor.  The citizens of the Commonwealth have tried
    him and proved him, and will continue to trust him, whatever his political future may prove to be.  The
    Massachusetts Magazine



    Eben S. Draper of Hopedale is Lieutenant Governor of the old Bay State and understudy for Curtis Guild
    and all the other Drapers.  He is the burden-bearer of his family, and the sins of all the stand-patters
    are visited on his head.  When he runs for office, he is supposed to be the wicked partner, and
    everything comes his way except the great big majorities.  Inasmuch as Eben is no spell-binder and
    this is his first offense some political clairvoyants have advertised him as an easy mark.  Nevertheless
    he manages to land on his feet every time.  In spite of the handicaps of his family and political running
    mate, the Lieutenant Governor is a corking good fellow, who is well worth cultivating and who is
    popular with everybody who knows him.  He wants to be Governor; so do a lot of other fellows who
    measure more around the head than around the chest, and the latter are of opinion that Eben would be
    a weak candidate.  There is a suspicious smell about this opinion, but the strength of a candidate must
    not be measured by the odor of the other fellow's opinion.  If a Republican must be elected to warm the
    Governor's chair, we would rather see Eben get it than the other, for he is a modest, kindly, generous
    gentleman who is democratic without being demagogic and who does not want any place bad enough
    to sacrifice his self-respect for it.  His brothers keep the tariff chained up in a cellar out in Hopedale,
    and they are worried for fear it will break loose and bite Eben, while his rivals are afraid it won't break
    loose.  No man need imagine that because the Lieutenant Governor is not an orator he is weak-
    chested and inclined to tuberculosis; he is kind and sound, can stand without hitching and you need
    not watch your jewelry when he's around. The Boston Traveler, March 28, 1907.


    Like Curtis Guild, Eben Draper was forged by his family's business. His father, George Draper had
    been part of a Christian Socialist community, which ended in bankruptcy in 1856. George Draper and
    his brother took over the community's assets and began several businesses including manufacturing
    house goods and commercial printing. They soon discovered they could profitably manufacture and
    sell textile machinery. Over the next seventy years, the Drapers would develop their textile machinery
    business while building Hopedale into a secular community based on industrial paternalism.

    Eben Draper attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, graduating in 1878 and returning to
    his family's company as a junior partner. He served as a director of several companies involved in
    textile and equipment manufacturing. In 1892, Draper became active in the State Republic Party. By this
    time the family's company was the largest textile equipment manufacturer in the United States. In 1903,
    the company would sell a spectacular 78,000 looms worldwide.

    Eben Draper was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1906 and served in the post until his election as
    Governor in 1908. Governor Draper depoliticized a variety of harbor development issues by creating a
    commission of experts to manage and recommend its policies. However the dominant issues of the
    times involved labor. As Governor, Draper vetoed a bill restricting public employees to eight-hour days.
    Though labor fiercely opposed Draper because he was the owner and manager of a large non-union
    factory, he won a second term of office. Governor Draper was defeated in his second reelection bid. He
    retired to a life a private business and philanthropy. Draper's company enjoyed remarkably good labor
    relations, surviving one of the most tumultuous eras with only a brief strike in 1913. From the Interactive
    State House website.

    Several years ago I requested a change to the state house biography of Draper above. In it, he was
    referred to as Ebenezer Draper. Since that was the only place I've ever seen that, I was very doubtful
    that his name was Ebenezer. I went to the Milford town clerk's office and obtained the birth certificate
    below, which shows that he was named Eben and not Ebenezer. I put in a request through Senator
    Dick Moore to have the correction made, which was done within a day or two after I spoke with them.

    The state site seems to suggest that the strike of 1913 was something of a minor annoyance. I think
    most who have read about it would disagree. Click here for more on the strike.

    Eben Draper served as governor of Massachusetts from January 7, 1909 until January 5, 1911.  In
    1914, he died suddenly in South Carolina at the age of 56 while returning home from a trip to Cuba.

    For those of you who arrived at this page from the question page, the answer is no, the Larches on
    Williams Street wasn't Eben Draper's home. His estate was the Ledges on Adin Street. The Larches was
    the home first of George Otis Draper, and later of Hannah Thwing Draper Osgood.

Eben S Draper in Bridgewater

    On Washington’s Birthday in 1909 and 1910, Governor and Mrs. Draper held the customary reception
    to the public in the Hall of the Flags at the State House. Each year since 1891, with one exception, this
    function has been held by successive governors. It was Governor Draper’s honor to have received in
    1909 the largest number of persons who have ever attended this popular reception. His Excellency
    and Mrs. Draper personally greeted, on this occasion, 5,557 men, women, and children of the
    Commonwealth. In 1910, His Excellency greeted 4,671 persons who braved a snow storm to shake
    hands with their Chief Executive.

    In 1909 the Governor entertained at his beautiful home in Hopedale perhaps the largest party of men
    in the public service, Republicans and Democrats, ever gathered together at such a function. There
    were present practically all the members of the Great and General Court, the United States senators
    from Massachusetts, and the members of the lower branch of Congress, and a number of gentlemen
    prominent in the political life of the state. Digital Treasures   
Second Story Visits
To The Homes of the Great

Eben S. Draper  

Governors of Massachusetts
Eben Sumner Draper (1858-1914)

Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Thanks to Kathi Wright for sending this.

    If you'd like to see more about any of the
    names above, click here to go to the site
    ( where you can follow the links.

    In 1925, the govenor's son, Eben, Jr., had this home
    razed and replaced. Click here to see the new Ledges.

From Directory of Directors in Boston and Vicinity, 1905

From Who's Who in Finance, 1911.

    From the Assessors' report of 1886. No doubt by the time of
    his death in 1914, Draper's assets had grown considerably.

    Once again the name Ebenezer turns
    up. See birth certificate further up this
    page on that matter.