New York Post - April 30, 1936
As usual in that era, if Mrs. Eben S. Draper had a name other than Mrs. Eben
S. Draper, you'd be hard pressed to find out what it was. The only article
above that it's in is one from the Milford News published on April 27. There
are also a few other sources, including the engagement and wedding
articles below, so we can see that her name was Hazel Marjorie Archibald.
Eben's first wife was Ruth Lawrence Carroll. They were eventually divorced
and in 1926, Mr. Draper married Hazel. That marriage also ended in divorce.
among many other things established the Draper Museum of Natural
History at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center in Cody, Wyoming.
from online sources.
I found a couple of articles, including the one above, on the
engagement to Mr. Hyde, but nothing on a wedding. Perhaps it
Hazel Marjorie Archibald Draper, aka Dora Dean (1891-1973): A Seattle debutante who joined the Red
Cross during WWI, after her brother had been captured. Essays on her experience for her hometown
paper, the Seattle Times, likely led to being hired as a staff reporter, writing primarily under the name
of "Dora Dean," the same pen name assigned to Hattie when she starts writing for the San Francisco
Norman S. Archibald (7 Apr. 1894-Sept. 1975) and Hazel M. Archibald Draper (28 Mar. 1891-Feb.
1973) were the only children of Silas Archibald and Elizabeth J. Langille Archibald, naturalized
American citizens originally from Canada. The family lived at 1206 Minor Avenue in Seattle. Norman
Archibald (also known as "Jim") graduated from Broadway High School in Seattle, attended the
University of Washington for two years, and graduated from Cornell University. Upon the U.S.
declaration of war on Germany in 1917, Archibald left home determined to become an aviator and fly
on the front against the enemy. After intensive training in Texas and France, Archibald served as a
Chasse pilot in France, becoming a member of the 95th Air Squadron, First Pursuit Group on 1 July
1918. Lieutenant Archibald made daily flights at the front until 8 Sept., when his SPAD aircraft was
shot down behind enemy lines in St. Mihiel and he was taken prisoner by the Germans. Archibald
was held in prison camps at Karlsruhe and elsewhere, not released until 28 Nov., eleven days after
the signing of the Armistice. Archibald recounts his experience, from his decision to become an
aviator in 1917 through his reunion with his sister Hazel in France after his release, in his 1935 book
Heaven High, Hell Deep. Archibald returned to military service in 1942, receiving a commission as
captain in the U.S. Army Air Forces. Norman Archibald died in 1975. The Norman Archibald Charitable
Foundation was established in 1977 to support youth and child development programs; higher
education and libraries; museums and the performing arts; and family and social services in the
Puget Sound region of Washington State.
She was accepted for service in Oct. 1918; her decision was likely influenced by the capture and
imprisonment of her brother in France the previous month. Archibald, a talented pianist and popular
songwriter, worked as an entertainer in the Red Cross Hospital Hut Service, later transferring to the
vocational department, inspired by her experience with wounded GIs. While in France in late 1918,
Archibald continually sought information on the condition and whereabouts of her brother, finally
reuniting with him in Tours, France, in early December. Hazel Archibald continued to serve in the Red
Cross until May 1919. After the war, Hazel Archibald worked as a staff writer for the Seattle Times,
penning a regular feature on a variety of topics under the pseudonym "Dora Dean." Archibald moved
to New York around 1921, where she successfully pursued her career as a songwriter and
performer, self-publishing the sheet music to her songs, one of which was used in a musical
production on Broadway. On 12 Nov. 1926 Hazel Archibald married Eben S. Draper, son of a former
Massachusetts governor and himself a member of the Massachusetts House and Senate during the
1920s. Living in Boston, she continued composing music at least until the 1940s; in 1944 she
created an operetta to be performed as a benefit for United Nations Relief.
These papers, photographs, and scrapbooks document the intersecting experiences of a Seattle
brother and sister serving in France during World War I. Through collected newspaper clippings,
telegraphs, notes, and photographs, mostly from 1918, emerges a picture of a young aviator captured
by the Germans in France and the dedication of his sister who, while working tirelessly entertaining
GIs in France, continued to search for her captured younger brother. Additional materials fill out the
portrait of Hazel Archibald Draper as an ambitious and successful pianist and songwriter, and of
Norman Archibald making his mark as a successful author, with his first hand account of his wartime
experience, which was reviewed positively in newspapers nation-wide.
The collection is open to the public for research by appointment.
Cite as: Norman Archibald and Hazel Archibald Draper Papers, Museum of History & Industry, Seattle.
From the Cape Girardeau Southeast Missourian