Horse-Drawn Fire Wagon Guarded Hopedale in 1886

                                  
                         By Gordon E Hopper

     Hopedale's fire department came into existence during 1886 when the town was incorporated.

     From a meager beginning with horse drawn wagons and a single hose company, it has gradually
    progressed throughout the intervening years to become a most modern and well-equipped fire fighting
    facility.

     The earliest piece of motorized equipment was an electric chemical truck obtained in 1905.  A second
    piece of motorized equipment was a hook and ladder truck, purchased in 1910.  Motorized pumpers
    started to be used in 1911.

     The year 1916 saw the construction of a new fire station, so well designed that it is still in use today.

     A new chemical truck was purchased during 1916 and a new pumper was added in 1926.

     Documentation of the activities of the Hopedale Fire Department continues from the 1930s up to the
    present time.

     During 1936, $6,250 was appropriated for the purchase of a new Ahrens-Fox pumper.  It was identified
    as Combination Truck No. 2, it would pump 500 gallons per minute and it remained in continuous
    service until 1969.

      A barn owned by W.D. Howard burned on March 20, 1937.  It took two days to completely extinguish
    the smoldering hay.

     Personnel in 1938 was as follows:  Combination 1, 10 men; Ladder 1, 8 men; and Chemical 1, 7
    men.  In addition, each company had two substitutes.

     During 1942, the forest fire truck was replaced by a new one built by the Farrar Co. in Woodville.  
    Usable hose at that time included 8,100 feet of 2 ½" hose, 1300 feet of 1 ½" hose, and 500 feet of 1 1/8"
    hose.

     Fire Chief Samuel E. Kellogg, who passed away on Oct. 9, 1943, was replaced by William Whitney.  
    Mr. Whitney served until the end of World War II.

     The first aerial ladder purchased by the town was in 1944.  It was 65 feet long, cost $16,000 and was
    built by the Seagrave Corporation.

     One hundred fire alarms were received during 1945.  From 5:30 a.m. on Aug. 14 until 1 a.m. on Aug.
    17, 1945, the fire department answered 52 false alarms.  Box alarms had been struck by individuals to
    keep the fire whistle continually audible in celebration of VJ Day, the conclusion of World War II.  Two
    other calls were for bonfires which had been set during the occasion.

                                                                         Horse Rescue

     The number of calls or alarms received has followed an upward growth pattern ever since the
    Hopedale Fire Department was initiated.  In 1974, the department received 262 calls.

     Throughout the past 89 years the nature of the calls received have changed.  Some of them of heard
    today would seem most unusual.

      For instance, there was a squad call to rescue a horse, another call for a fire at the Hopedale Coal &
    Ice Co. icehouse, while another one sent men and equipment to extinguish a fire in a coal pile. (Here's
    a horse rescue story, though not necessarily the one referred to here.)

     No information was recorded about the horse rescue, but horses were know to occasionally wander
    onto the trolley car bridge that spanned Hopedale Pond until the early 1930s.

     Whenever that happened, it became necessary to lay wooden planks along the trolley track ties for the
    horse to walk on while it was being led to the end of the bridge.

     Charles Watson was appointed Fire Chief in 1945 and served for 25 years until he retired in 1970.

     During 1947, the old chemical truck was replaced by a new $10,000 American LaFrance 1,000 gallons
    per minute pumper.  It is identified as Engine 4 and it still answers every box alarm that is sounded
    today.  Engine 4 is the oldest vehicle in service and it is one of the first eleven cab-forward models used
    in fire engines.

     Major repairs were made in the Central Fire Station during 1949 and a two-way radio communications
    system was initiated in 1949 and 1950.

      A 1942 GMC oil truck was purchased for one dollar from the Hopedale Coal & Ice Co. during 1953.  
    Members of the fire department converted it into a 600 gallon water tank truck.  It was equipped with a
    pump, some hose and was used in fighting rural house and forest fires.

     The Draper Co. donated a 16 foot long aluminum boat to the department during 1955 for rescue
    purposes.  It is equipped with a 10 horsepower Johnson motor.  It is mounted on a trailer and housed
    inside the fire station.

     The present fire alarm telegraph system was installed around 1950 and cost $15,000.  The outside
    system and control panel on the fire station were built by the Gamewell Co. and includes a special
    bank of batteries that are continually kept on a trickle charger.  The system was enlarged in 1960.

     The first death caused by fire in Hopedale since the department was organized in 1886 occurred on
    Dec. 24, 1960.  Elzear Viens suffocated in a house fire at 53 Hill Street.

      On Nov. 3, 1961, a new 750 gallons per minute International pumper was added to the equipment
    roster.  It was built by the Farrar Co. of Woodville at a cost of $17, 500.  Identified as Engine 1, it is still in
    service today.  Along with Engine 2, they were the first Hopedale fire trucks to feature the large 500
    gallon tank.

                                                                         Church Destroyed

     An alarm sounded at 4:15 a.m. on Dec. 11, 1962, signaled what was to become the total destruction of
    the Union Evangelical Church on Dutcher Street.

      Hopedale firefighters and mutual aid from Milford and Upton battled more than three hours to contain
    the blaze and prevent its spreading.  Losses amounting to $250,000 caused this fire to be the largest
    one in Hopedale's history.

      Further expansion of the fire alarm system took place during 1963.  Equipment in use during 1963
    included the 1936 Ahrens-Fox pumper, 1942 GMC tanker, 1943 Seagrave aerial ladder, 1947 American
    LaFrance pumper, 1961 International pumper and a new 1963 station wagon.

     During 1963, a new set of rules and regulations applicable to the operation of the fire department went
    into effect.

     Mrs. Margaret LeDuc died on May 13, 1964 from burns received in a small fire at the Hopedale Garden
    Nursing Home.

     On May 31, 1967, Waina M. Erickson retired after serving 26 years as a driver, head houseman,
    member of the Board of Fire Engineers and 11 years as Deputy Chief.

     On March 18, 1968, many man-hours were worked by members of the fire department pumping out
    cellars that were flooded by a heavy rainfall.

     In 1968, a new Cheverolet station wagon replaced the fire chief's 1963 model and a new 1,000
    gallons per minute Maxim pumper was received on Jan. 23, 1969.  This is Engine 2 and was acquired
    at a cost of $27,500.  It is the first vehicle to leave the Hopedale station and it answers all box alarms.

     The value and need of a rescue vehicle had long been realized by Hopedale firefighters.  During April
    1969, the men purchased a 1964 Cheverolet panel truck which they remodeled into a light rescue truck.

     The old 1942 GMC tank truck was disposed of in January 1969 when a 1953 GMC oil truck was
    donated to the department by the Hopedale Coal & Ice Co.  It was converted to a 1500 gallon tanker and
    was used on fires outside the hydrant system.

     Chief Charles A. Watson retired on Aug. 1, 1970 after 43 years of service to the town of Hopedale.  He
    started working for the town in 1927.  Later he was a fire department driver and then a deputy chief.  
    After returning in 1945 from active military duty, he was appointed Fire Chief.

     A barn owned by the Mauger family at 77 Hartford Avenue was completely destroyed by a fire on April
    18, 1970.  Engines 1 and 2, the tanker, and the rescue truck were at the scene from 7 p.m. until
    midnight.

                                                                        Rockwell Phaseout

     Arnold F.J. Nealley, who was appointed Fire Chief on Aug. 1, 1970, served until April 1, 1971, when
    illness forced his retirement.  He had been a call man from 1934 until 1942, then served in the U.S.
    Navy until 1945.  In 1947, he was appointed Captain of Engine 2, a position he retained until he
    became Call Deputy Chief in 1953.

     Herbert S. Durgin served as a call firefighter between 1950 and 1960 and was assigned to Engine 4.  
    He became a permanent firefighter on Aug. 28, 1960 and was appointed Acting Fire Chief on Dec. 17,
    1970.  On April 23, 1971 he was appointed Fire Chief.

      Edward H. Scott was appointed Call Deputy Chief on June 1, 1971.

     In 1971, the private fire department which had operated inside the Rockwell Draper plant was phased
    out.  For a half century, or possibly longer, the Draper Co. maintained its own group of industrial
    firefighters.  There were hydrants and small hose reels strategically placed around the company
    property and one company-owned fire truck was kept on the premises.  An old fire station with a hose
    drying tower remains adjacent to the Bancroft Park railroad crossing at the present time. (1975)

     There was an alarm system inside the plant which would summon company firefighters when
    needed.  Aid from outside the plant would be requested only if the private company could not handle the
    problem.

      Company personnel participated in weekly drills until around 1971 at which time the truck was
    dismantled and the industrial fire department disbanded.

     Currently, whenever an alarm box inside the Rockwell plant is pulled, the power plant room is
    automatically alerted to start their fire pumps which boost the pressure of the internal sprinkler and
    water hydrant system inside the large plant.

     From the inception of the Hopedale Fire Department there has been a Board of Fire Engineers
    directing the operations of the fire department.  During 1972 it was phased out by action taken at a town
    meeting.  The department now operates under Chapter 48, Sections 42, 43 and 44.

     Men known to have served on the Board of Fire Engineers include the following:
    Frank L. Andrew, J. B. Bancroft, Joseph B. Chapin, F.G. Crockett, Milton F. Doxey, Herbert S. Durgin,
    Waina M. Erickson, Joseph J. Grant, William E. Grant, George W. Jenkins, Samuel E. Kellogg, A.W.
    Lamb, Arnold F. Nealley, Charles E. Pierce, F.B. Sweet, Charles E. Watson, A.W. Westcott, and W.E
    Whitney.

                                                                             Plane Crash

     A catastrophe occurred when a plane crash and fire in Hopedale took the lives of five people on Aug.
    16, 1972.  Chief Durgin and firefighters with two trucks were the first to reach the scene.  The occupants
    of the aircraft were horribly burned as the flames quickly destroyed everything that could burn.

      A new 4-section, 85 foot long Maxim aerial ladder truck was received on May 2, 1973, replacing the
    1943 aerial ladder truck.  It cost $62,000 and is a hydraulic operated device that can be raised and
    placed in operation by its driver in less than three minutes.

      During 1973, a local citizen left a bequest to the department to erect a granite memorial on the
    property at the fire station.  This was done; a stone was placed on the front lawn of the station and
    inscribed as follows:

                    "In memory of all firefighters who served the town of Hopedale.  Erected by firefighters
    September 1973."

    A few years ago, students of the Blackstone Valley Regional Vocational Technical High School
    overhauled a 10 kilowatt Army surplus gasoline-driven emergency power generator owned by the
    department.  It was used for 19 hours during an ice storm in December 1973, to supply power to the
    station and communication equipment.

     An Army surplus generator converted by members of the department is now a trailer-mounted mobile
    unit.  It is towed by the rescue truck and it is housed on the lower level of the fire station.

      A fatal house fire took the life of Albert H. Andrew of 159 Mendon Street on Nov. 24, 1974.  Chief Durgin
    and four members of the department broke into the burning home and found Mr. Andrew's burned
    body.  Forty men, Engines 2 and 4, Ladder 2 and the Rescue 1 responded, and quickly brought the
    tragic fire under control.

     Fire destroyed a furniture-filled warehouse at 17 Plain Street on Dec 6, 1974 with a loss that
    approached $135,000.

     Ever since the first two-way radio units were installed in the fire station and on the trucks during 1949
    and 1950, communications has played an increasing part in the safety and protection efforts of the
    department.  A scanner-type radio located in the communications room of the station continually
    monitors radio signals from the Mendon, Upton, Milford and Bellingham fire departments.  There are
    eight mobile radio systems installed in various Hopedale Fire Department vehicles.  A tone generator
    at the fire station is used in conjunction with the fire department's radio transmitter when it becomes
    necessary to activate 40 home alert radios.  This alarm summons all off-duty permanent and call
    firefighters.  Audible fire alarm signals in Hopedale include an air whistle on top of the fire station tower,
    an air whistle at Rockwell which is connected with the town's fire alarm system and a whistle at the
    Rosenfeld concrete plant off Plain Street.

     At the present time, Hopedale is protected by 50 street fire alarm boxes along with 11 master fire
    alarm boxes.  A compressor purchased in 1974 is used to recharge the self-contained breathing
    apparatus units owned by the department each time they have been used.

                                                                            Rescue Wagon

     In May 1974, Nicholas Pannicelli acquired the present Rescue 1 vehicle through the government
    Surplus Property Division.  It is a 1966 International walk-in van and is has been modified for firefighters.

     Rescue 1 responds to accidents, car fires, and other emergency calls.  It answers to all resucitator
    calls, and is used to transport injured firemen.

     The fire alarm maintenance truck is a 1958 Ford equipped with storage compartments on both sides
    of its body. It utilizes a 2-way radio and carries 14 and 28 foot long extension ladders.  the truck is used
    for outside fire alarm system work.

     The fire chief's car is 1975 is a 1968 Cheverolet station wagon.  All of the fire department vehicles use
    snow and mud tires at all times and chains are available when needed.

     Fire Department personnel at the present time is comprised of a permanent fire chier, Herbert S.
    Durgin; a call deputy chief, Edward H. Scott; 8 permanent firefighters, 30 call firefighters, and four
    auxiliary firefighters, Gary Barrows, Richard Daige, Peter Lemon and James Vignone.

     The permanent firefighters are as follows:
    Group 1 - Robert K. Lamora, John W. Foley, Michael J. Ballou.
    Group 2 - Donald A. Moore, James F. Woolheiser, Thomas A. Daige.
    Group 3 - Robert A. Rocks, Robert A. Hammond.

     Engine 2, Ladder 1 and Engine 4 each have 10 assigned call firefighters.

     Nearly 90 years after its meager beginning, the Hopedale Fire Department now is one of the best
    equipped and well trained fire departments in Massachusetts.  With a large industrial complex such as
    Rockwell International located in the town of Hopedale, it is imperative that a modern and well-
    equipped fire department be immediately and continually available.

     The author of this article, in addition to spending many hours researching old books, papers and town
    records, acknowledges the cooperation of Hopedale Fire Chief Herbert S. Durgin and Firefighter Robert
    A. Hammond.  Without their help, this historical summary could not have been documented.  Milford
    Daily News.


                             
Fire truck parades, muster, 1976, 1986            Then and Now - The Fire Station   
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.
In front of the fire station known as the "Hose House,"
on Hopedale Street, across from Adin Ballou Park.

From the Draper Company periodical, Cotton Chats.

    The caption above states that the Unitarian Church in Mendon was interested in the bell. Did it go
    there? I asked David Lowell if it had. Yes, indeed, he said. Below are two photos of it taken in July
    2014, and one taken after a fire in 1936. Thanks to Peter Metzke of Melbourne, Australia whose
    interest in Hopedale history prompted him to ask where it went  That lead me to asking Dave about it.

I presume this was the reason for the new bell.
The station in the picture was on Hopedale Street. The one discussed in the article is on Dutcher Street. Plumbing
from 1898??? It was built in 1916.

Thanks to John Butcher for the timeline.