Join the Hopedale Women’s History Research Project
    Linda Hixon

    August, 2018

    In early 1848, a group of men and women from the Community of Hopedale, Massachusetts,
    a Socialist religious experiment founded six years earlier, formed a sewing circle. Officially
    calling themselves “The Hopedale Sewing Circle, and Tract Society,” this group of nineteen
    men and nineteen women created an organization that went beyond mending and sharing.
    Instead, they mixed industry and religion with caring and progressive views, in order to raise
    money, spread the word, and help in their community.

    For the women recording their meetings-and only women recorded the meetings-religion was
    the center of their lives, but not their writings. These were “Practical Christian” women, and
    they simply did what was expected of this new religious movement. Two simple entries in the
    society’s record at the end of 1849 speak to their quiet beliefs. “The Society met at the ‘Old
    House’ and worked for Mrs. Provan’s family,” the entry on December 19 reads. “Met at the
    house of Mrs. Bancroft and sewed for Mrs. Provan’s children,” says the second, dated the
    day after Christmas.1

    The problem with these basic statements was that Mrs. Provan-Jeanet Provan-was dead. She
    had died on December 9. “Mrs. Jeanet came across he Atlantic already in consumption, and d
    [ied] here,” minister Adin Ballou wrote in a genealogical register in his History of Milford,
    giving no more detail of this Scottish immigrant who had come with her husband and four
    children to Massachusetts in May of 1849.2 But the women of the Sewing Circle were doing
    what they pledged to do as Practical Christians: they were working for people around them-
    people who were in need. Even though Jeanet Provan had survived in the community only for
    a few months, she had left an imprint-and children and a husband who needed care. That
    was what the women of the Sewing Circle gathered to do. They were simply living their beliefs.

    These Practical Christians, led by Adin Ballou and a group of ministers, had come to the area
    nearly a decade earlier to “build a new civilization radically higher than the old” on the banks
    of the Mill River, a tributary of the Blackstone.3 The Ballous’ Standard of Practical Christianity
    called for its followers not to be “indifferent to the sufferings of a distressed humanity,” nor to
    “desert our brethren in their adversity.”4 Jeanet Provan was not a Practical Christian, nor was
    she a member of the Sewing Circle, but even in death she was in need.

                                           THE SEWING CIRCLE’S UNTOLD HISTORY

    Few historians have looked at the Sewing Circle record, and those who have gave it little
    notice. Edward K. Spann’s comprehensive history of Hopedale from its Practical Christian
    founding to its takeover by the Draper brothers in 1856 does mention some of the town’s
    higher-profile women and the community’s progressive views toward its female residents. But
    Spann noted the Sewing Circle only once, honing in on a passage from what he called the
    “Beneficent Society” record when the women discussed having a female physician in town.5
    The women changed the name of the group several times, and they did have a “conversation
    with regard to having a female Physician located here,” on April 24, 1851. “It was universally
    thought advisable,” they wrote, but didn’t mention that the proposed physician, Emily Gay,
    was a Sewing Circle member and occasional recorder for the group.6 Neither did Spann.

    The Sewing Circle was also given small context in a journal article on women in the
    community by Deidre Corcoran Stam. Stam analyzed the roles of women in Hopedale as
    Practical Christians, comparing their lives to the beliefs of Fourierism, a communal living idea
    conceived by Frenchman Charles Fourier that the community studied but did not espouse. 7
    However, Stam only categorized the circle’s 15-year record as “bees’ to provide needed labor
    to the community.”8 The circle worked on numerous projects for many community members
    over the years, including clothing, bedding, quilts, carpets, and even straw braiding. …
    The women of Hopedale left a gift to the town – a 150 year history of their group. Started as
    the Hopedale Sewing Circle, their handwritten record begins before the Civil War and spans
    the founding of the Draper Corporation, including two World Wars, the Great Depression, the
    Hippie era, and the end of the Draper dynasty.

    If you like history, research, or genealogy, or if you are simply a fan of Hopedale or women’s
    history, join the Hopedale Women’s History Research Project.  Together, these women forged
    a strong bond and left an overwhelming record of their deeds, accomplishments, and the
    happenings in and around their hometown. The record of these women and their importance
    in the town’s history is held in over 40 handwritten books, and it’s going to take a community
    to tell their story to the world.

    Join us for our next meeting as we discuss how to transcribe and research this important
    record and what you can do to help. The Hopedale Women’s History Research Project will
    meet on Monday evening, August 20th, at 6:30 p.m. in the program room of the Bancroft
    Memorial Library, 50 Hopedale Street.

    Contact Linda at for more information.



Minerva Knight -  "First President" of the Sewing Circle 1874-1881